2 Kings 14:25, Those Elusive Minor Prophets

He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher.

//Bet you can’t name the one minor prophet who is mentioned in the book of Kings. Aww, I gave it away with today’s verse: it’s the one prophet whose book virtually every critical Bible scholar believes is pseudonymous (the story of Jonah is attributed to an obscure historical name merely for emphasis and context).

There are twelve books of minor prophets in the Bible, and they break down like this:

Hosea, Joel, Amos, Jonah, Obadiah, and Micah belong to the eighth century BCE, a period of Assyrian power and the fall of the Kingdom of Israel (the northern kingdom).

Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah belong to the years of Assyrian decline at the end of the seventh century BCE.

The last three books, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, belong to the Persian period—the fifth and sixth centuries BCE—when the Jews returned to their homeland and rebuilt the Temple.

The curious thing is that not one of these prophets is mentioned in the book of Kings, which covers the time period of the first nine, unless one counts the pseudonymous Jonah.* Who are these guys, really?

* Some argue that the mysterious “man of God” in 1 Kings 13 is Amos

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