Mark 10:19, The Eleventh Commandment

You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery,’ ‘Do not murder,’ ‘Do not steal,’ ‘Do not bear false witness,’‘Do not defraud,’ ‘Honor your father and your mother.’ 

//The ten commandments are listed in Exodus chapter 20 and Deuteronomy chapter 5. But Jesus, when he begins to list these commandments in the Gospel of Mark, decides to add another: Do not defraud.

Some scholars assume this commandment is a combination of two: “Do not steal” and “Do not covet your neighbor’s possessions.” When Luke and Matthew tell the same story, they ignore Mark’s eleventh commandment but Matthew adds an eleventh commandment of his own:

He said to Him, “Which ones?” Jesus said, “‘You shall not murder,’ ‘You shall not commit adultery,’ ‘You shall not steal,’ ‘You shall not bear false witness,’ ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ ” –Matthew 19:18-19

So Matthew’s eleventh commandment is “Love your neighbor as yourself.” Which new commandment should we keep?

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